CBD oil is a fast growing market and the compound is now also being promoted as a treatment for dogs.
In fact, therapy is already big business, with a Grand View Research study estimating that the size of the CBD oil market exceeded $ 37.4 million as of 2020.
However, the American Kennel Club (AKC) veterinary director, Dr. Jerry Klein, warns that while CBD oil has potential benefits for dogs, owners should always consult their veterinarian before starting. these medical treatments.
He said Newsweek: “Cannabinoids such as CBD appear to have a therapeutic promise in areas such as the treatment of epilepsy and the management of pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis, neurogenic pain and possibly anxiety, although much of the Available scientific evidence regarding its use in animals is currently limited.
“While the findings of a number of well-controlled studies have been published, much of what we know is related to anecdotal reports or cases.
“It is of great importance that people know that CBD is not marijuana, that it is TOXIC for dogs and that it should never be given to dogs under any circumstances.
“In addition, it is always recommended to consult with your veterinarian before starting and taking medications or supplements, as your veterinarian is better aware of your dog’s medical history and individual needs.”
Here are some of the most important facts you should know about CBD oil for dogs.
1. What is CBD oil?
While CBD, or cannabidiol, is a compound found in cannabis and hemp, the oil from which it is rarely derived contains delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the compound responsible for providing marijuana with its psychoactive properties. .
Note that hemp-derived CBD oil products (with less than 0.3 percent THC) are legal at the federal level, but are still illegal under some state laws.
2. Does CBD affect dogs?
Currently, no formal research has been conducted on how CBD oil affects dogs.
However, research has shown that cannabinoids interact with endocannabinoid receptors located in the central and peripheral nervous systems, which help maintain the body’s balance and keep it in a normal state of health.
3. What health problems can dogs treat with CBD oil?
Although definitive scientific data on the use of CBD to treat dogs is still lacking, the AKC states that “anecdotal evidence from dog owners suggests that it can treat pain, especially neuropathic pain, as well as help control convulsions “.
Humans also use CBD for its supposed anti-inflammatory properties, heart benefits, anti-nausea effects, appetite stimulation, anti-anxiety impact, as well as possible cancer benefits, although conclusive data on this use are also lacking. .
4. Potential side effects of CBD oil in dogs
Due to the lack of scientific data on the side effects of CBD use for dogs, experts can only speculate on possible side effects based on how the compound may affect humans.
Research suggests that CBD may decrease saliva production. The AKC said: “For dogs, this would manifest as an increase in thirst.”
High doses of CBD have been known to cause a temporary drop in blood pressure, capable of causing brief dizziness.
Humans have used CBD in their pet dogs to treat anxiety, while the calming effect of CBD oil can also cause mild drowsiness.
The AKC warns in a statement: “To minimize possible side effects, make sure you follow the right dose.”
5. Potential risks of using CBD oil with dogs
The safety and risks of CBD use for dogs have not yet been investigated and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved CBD or published a dosing chart.
As a result, it is still unclear what dose size of CBD oil would be toxic to dogs.
The AKC warns that any medication or supplement carries the risk of a reaction, writing instead: “It is always advisable, when giving something new to your dog, to start with small amounts and then closely monitor the effects. And always check with your vet first. “
6. Can dogs taking medication use CBD oil?
Dog owners who take medications or supplements should always consult with a veterinarian.
CBD oil can change the way animals metabolize some drugs, just as grapefruits can cause major reactions in humans.
Owners should consult their veterinarian about dose changes if a dog is taking any of the following medications: steroids, medications for allergies, medications for the liver or kidneys, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, medications for the heart, and anxiety medications.
7. CBD dosing for dogs
Each bottle of CBD has a specific concentration expressed in milligrams. Some owners add CBD oil to their dog’s food.
NurseYourPet’s Dr. Robert Silver suggests giving a dog 0.05 to 0.25 mg / pound of body weight twice a day is a “safe place to start,” as well as suggesting starting with lower doses and increasing -only gradually if the lowest dose seems ineffective. .
It is important to note that it is only from his anecdotal experience.
8. What are the best CBD oil products for dogs
If consulting with a veterinarian results in a decision to try CBD oil to treat your dog, there are some key things to keep in mind when buying the compound.
The AKC states, “Not all oils are the same; you want high-quality CBD oil to be more likely to work.”
If CBD oil is not organic, it should at least not contain pesticides, fungicides or solvents.
Higher quality and purity are often associated with a higher cost, which means that cheaper options can potentially contain toxic substances such as pesticides, herbicides, or heavy metals.
The manufacturer should provide a certificate stating the amount of CBD in the product, with some CBD products containing minimum amounts of CBD. People who buy CBD oil for their dogs will also want to make sure there is little or no harmful THC in the product.
The AKC also advises people to buy CBD as a liquid whenever possible, stating, “You can buy dog treats that contain CBD, but the best way to administer it is an oil or tincture. That way, you can adjust your dog’s dose drop by drop. “