India will reach a maximum of zero net emissions by 2070, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Monday at the COP26 summit in Glasgow.
Until Monday, India was the only major emitter that had not committed to a schedule to achieve zero net, or a year for which it would ensure that its net carbon dioxide emissions were zero.
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By 2030, India will ensure that 50% of its energy comes from renewable energy sources. India will reduce its carbon emissions by 2030 by 1 billion tonnes. India will also reduce its emissions intensity per unit of GDP by less than 45%. India will also install 500 gigawatts of renewable energy by 2030, an increase of 50 gw from its existing targets, the prime minister said.
He added that in the spirit of climate justice, rich developed countries should provide at least $ 1 trillion in climate finance to help developing and most vulnerable countries.
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The statements of Mr. Modi contrasted with the pre-COP period in India, where it had strongly resisted the demands of developed countries to assume zero net targets. Several delegations from the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union had called on Indian officials in previous weeks to reach such an agreement outside India. Achieving a clean zero by 2050, scientists say, is the best option in the world to prevent temperatures from rising above 1.5 ºC from pre-industrial levels.
Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav said on Sunday that the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capacities (CBDR-RC) and the recognition of very different national circumstances from countries would be respected. Achieving zero net goals requires a sudden shift to clean energy sources that several experts have opined will impose a high cost.
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Earlier, speaking of a side event at the COP, Modi said that he has not focused so much on climate adaptation as on mitigation and that this is an injustice against developing nations.
There are changes in crop patterns, there are floods and a great need to make agriculture resistant to these shocks, he added.
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Modi said that sustainable lifestyles in certain traditional communities should be part of school curricula and that the lessons of India’s adaptation efforts in programs such as the Jal Jeevan mission, the Swach Bharat mission and the ujwala mission should be popularized worldwide.
“I want to congratulate Prime Minister Modi and India for making a bold statement for low carbon development. India has clearly put the ball on the track in the developed world. This is a real climate action. Now, India calls for $ 1 trillion in climate finance as soon as possible and will not only monitor climate action but also provide climate finance – most importantly, India has once again called for a change in lifestyles. If we can’t fix how we live, we can’t fix how we live on this planet. ” -Dr Arunabha Ghosh, Director General and Founder of the Energy, Environment and Water Council, a think tank.